Varela's View of Cognitive Science..

The most integrative figure of the cognitive science ever made. 

This figure has been published in "The Embodied Mind" (1991) by Varela, Thompson and Rosh.

Different directions depict different subdisciplines of the cognitive science. The distance from center represents the philosophical flavor.  While Constructivists are located around the outer shell of the circle, the center part is occupied by Representationalists. The way these latter conceive the mind, is compatible with the view that the mind i.e. intelligent behaviour is a symbolic representational machine, pretty much like a computer. 

These views have completely different opinions on evolution as well.